Due to its relative modesty, both in size and in scope, despite the close historical and cultural ties, no German-Belgian artists are as of known to have created comics for the German comics world, when discounting commercial translations of their original Francophone creations. Something similar applies to France, where there exist several regional languages, of which Breton and Occitan are two of the more substantial ones. But while these languages are culturally recognized as regional languages, they are, contrary to Belgium in regard to German, not recognized as official national languages, with similar consequences as in Belgium for comics and their artists.
On rare occasions though, independent local and regional publishers obtain licenses from the main comic publisher to release comic books, or rather comic albums, of the more popular comi. Raoul Cauvin Raoul Cauvin is a Belgian comics author and one of the most popular in the humorist field.
Raoul Cauvin was born in Antoing , Belgium in , he studied lithography at the Institut Saint-Luc in Tournai , but upon leaving school found that there no jobs available for lithographers. He started working at Dupuis in as a cameraman for the small animation studio the publishing house had started, working on early Smurfs cartoons and other short movies.
Cauvin added another success in with Sammy, about bodyguards in Chicago during the Prohibition era, drawn by Berck. A short stint on Spirou and Fantasio was not so successful. Cauvin continued to work for the animation studio as well, writing the scripts for the Musti and Tap and The Pili's cartoons by Ray Goossens , he has lived in Nivelles since By November , he had published over albums.
Cauvin's work is always humoristic, but he produces both long stories and short gags, he started with historical series: Les Tuniques Bleues uses the American Civil War as background, while Sammy plays in the time of Al Capone and Eliot Ness , Les Mousquetaires describes the adventures of three musketeers in the 17th century. But with Agent , featuring a rather stupid cop, he started to make his stories more contemporary, in the s he breached taboo subjects and introduced more critical views with themes like nursing and hospitals in Les Femmes en Blanc with Philippe Bercovici , Les Paparazzi or gravediggers in Pierre Tombal.
Although best known for Les Tuniques Bleues, he and Lambil worked on a comics series called Pauvre Lampil, a semi-autobiographical account of the trials and tribulations of a melancholic comic strip artist and his love-hate relationship with his scriptwriter, caricatures of Lambil and Cauvin themselves. In fact, aside from Lambil, other characters, including their colleagues in the comic book industry, are referred to by their real or pen-names: Cauvin himself, Franquin etc. Cauvin has taken up more fantastic themes like that of a love angel in Cupido or the hard life of a vulture falling in love with an owl in Les Voraces.
A lot of Cauvin's characters are of the short-tempered sort provoked and exploding in rage when things go wrong, he makes his scripts in the form of a rudimentary comic, suggesting a page lay-out, he has made a few comics on his own, but with limited success.
His works are seen as more artisanal than artistic by the critics, while others consider him an uncontested master of the humoristic comic. Whatever the critics think of him though, he continues to be successful with the public and sought after by artists, at one stage writing a dozen series at a time. In , he was the 7th bestselling author of comics in France , with sales of , copies that year; as a thank you from the publisher Dupuis , Spirou magazine no. All stories appeared in Spirou magazine and published in album by Dupuis unless otherwise stated.
Divorce Divorce known as dissolution of marriage, is the process of terminating a marriage or marital union. Divorce entails the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state.
In most countries, monogamy is required by law, so divorce allows each former partner to marry another person. Divorce is different from annulment , which declares the marriage null and void, with legal separation or de jure separation or with de facto separation. Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash; the only countries that do not allow divorce are the Philippines , the Vatican City and the British Crown Dependency of Sark.
In the Philippines, divorce for non-Muslim Filipinos is not legal unless the husband or wife is an alien and satisfies certain conditions. The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state. Grounds for divorce vary from country to country. Marriage may be seen as a status, or a combination of these. Where it is seen as a contract, the refusal or inability of one spouse to perform the obligations stipulated in the contract may constitute a ground for divorce for the other spouse.
In contrast, in some countries, divorce is purely no fault. Many jurisdictions offer both the option of a no fault divorce as well as an at fault divorce; this is the case, for example, in many US states. Though divorce laws vary between jurisdictions, there are two basic approaches to divorce: fault based and no-fault based; however in some jurisdictions that do not require a party to claim fault of their partner, a court may still take into account the behavior of the parties when dividing property, evaluating custody, shared care arrangements and support.
In some jurisdictions one spouse may be forced to pay the attorney's fees of another spouse. Laws vary as to the waiting period. Residency requirements vary. However, issues of division of property are determined by the law of the jurisdiction in which the property is located. In Europe , divorce laws differ from country to country, reflecting differing legal and cultural traditions.
In some countries in some former communist countries, divorce can be obtained only on one single general ground of "irretrievable breakdown of the marriage". Yet, what constitutes such a "breakdown" of the marriage is interpreted differently from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, ranging from liberal interpretations to quite restrictive ones.
Separation constitutes a ground of divorce in some European countries. Note that "separation" does not mean separate residences — in some jurisdictions, living in the same household but leading a separate life is sufficient to constitute de facto separation. Divorce laws are not static. In the 21st century, many European countries have made changes to their divorce laws, in particular by reducing the length of the necessary periods of separation, e. Scotland in ; some countries have overhauled their divorce laws, such as Spain in , Portugal in A new divorce law came into force in September in Belgium , creating a new system, no-fault.
Bulgaria modified its divorce regulations in In Italy, new laws came into force in and with significant changes in Italian law in matter of divorce: apart from shortening of the period of obligatory separation, are allowed other forms of getting a divorce — as an alternative to court proceedings, i.
Austria , instead, is a European country; the liberalization of divorce laws is not without opposition in the United States. Indeed, in the US, certain conservative and religious organizations are lobbying for laws which restrict divorce. Friendship Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between people. Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association.
Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as communication, social psychology and philosophy. Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics , attachment styles.
Although there are many forms of friendship, some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics are present in many types of such bonds; such characteristics include affection. Friendship is an essential aspect of relationship building skills; the understanding of friendship in children tends to be more focused on areas such as common activities, physical proximity, shared expectations. These friendships provide opportunity for practicing self-regulation. Most children tend to describe friendship in terms of things like sharing, children are more to share with someone they consider to be a friend.
As children mature, they are more aware of others. They gain the ability to empathize with their friends, enjoy playing in groups, they experience peer rejection as they move through the middle childhood years. Establishing good friendships at a young age helps a child to be better acclimated in society on in their life. Potential benefits of friendship include the opportunity to learn about problem solving. Coaching from parents can be useful in helping children to make friends.
Eileen Kennedy-Moore describes three key ingredients of children's friendship formation: openness and shared fun. Parents can help children understand social guidelines they haven't learned on their own. Relationships begin to maintain a focus on shared values and common interests, rather than physical concerns like proximity and access to play things that more characterize childhood.
A study performed at the University of Texas at Austin examined over 9, American adolescents to determine how their engagement in problematic behavior was related to their friendships. Findings indicated that adolescents were less to engage in problem behavior when their friends did well in school, participated in school activities, avoided drinking, had good mental health.
The opposite was found regarding adolescents. Whether adolescents were influenced by their friends to engage in problem behavior depended on how much they were exposed to those friends, whether they and their friendship groups "fit in" at school. A study by researchers from Purdue University found that friendships formed during post-secondary education last longer than friendships formed earlier. Friendship in adulthood provides companionship, affection, as well as emotional support, contributes positively to mental well-being and improved physical health.
Adults may find it difficult to maintain meaningful friendships in the workplace. Work friendships take on a transactional feel. Most adults value the financial security of their jobs more than friendship with coworkers; the majority of adults have an average of two close friends. Numerous studies with adults suggest that friendships and other supportive relationships do enhance self-esteem.
Cédric - 7 - PEPE SE MOUILLE (French Edition) - Kindle edition by Cauvin, Raoul Cauvin, Laudec. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC. inunbosodi.gq: Cédric, tome 7: Pépé se mouille (): Laudec, Raoul Cédric - 7 - PEPE SE MOUILLE (French Edition) and millions of other books.
Older adults continue to report high levels of personal satisfaction in their friendships as they age, as the overall number of friends tends to decline. This satisfaction is associated with an increased ability to accomplish activities of daily living , as well as a reduced decline in cognitive abilities, decreased instances of hospitalization, better outcomes related to rehabilitation; the overall number of reported friends in life may be mediated by increased lucidity, better speech and vision, marital status.
As on review phrased it: Research within the past four decades has now found that older adults reporting the highest levels of happiness and general well being report strong, close ties to numerous friends; as family responsibilities and vocational pressures lessen, friendships become more important. Among the elderly, friendships can provide links to the larger community, serve as a protective factor against depression and loneliness, compensate for potential losses in social support previously.
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