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Friend's Name:. Please enter a valid name Please enter a valid name. Friend's Email:. E-mail Sent Successfully Your email has been successfully sent to the recipient. Types of Cavities When plaque is not removed by a consistent oral care routine of daily brushing and flossing, your teeth are more likely to develop cavities. The three types of cavities are: Root decay.
This type of decay is the most common type among older adults who are more likely to have receding gums. It occurs on the surface of the roots of the teeth.
Pit and fissure decay. This type of decay occurs on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. Smooth surface decay.
This type of decay occurs on the outside flat surface of the teeth when bacteria is not removed and plaque builds up. Cavity Treatments for Different Kinds of Cavities Fortunately, there are a variety of treatment options available to address the problem of cavities on teeth.
Saving Severely Infected Teeth with Crowns For more extreme cases of tooth decay, when too much of the tooth structure is lost, your dental professional might opt for crowns. Root Canals—Solution for Cavities that Damaged Tooth Nerves When the damage from a cavity in your tooth goes too deep to be treated with the previous methods, your dental professional may suggest a root canal treatment.
Extraction as a Last Resort Another cavity treatment, tooth extraction, is usually a last option when the aforementioned treatments are not sufficient to solve the problem. Can Cavities Go Away?
Many dentists recommend an Oral-B electric toothbrush because they feature technology that oscillates, rotates, and pulsates to better break up and remove plaque from teeth. Brush for two minutes twice a day: Spend at least 30 seconds on each quadrant of your mouth. Brush daily for about 2 minutes, taking care to clean every surface of every tooth. Use a fluoride toothpaste and rinse: Fluoride has been proven to enhance dental health.
Most importantly, dental professionals recommend using fluoride toothpaste, which is proven to greatly reduce cavities by strengthening the hard tissues of your teeth. If you are at a higher risk of developing caries, your dental professional may also recommend a fluoride mouthwash and daily flossing as a part of your oral health care regimen.
For an extra level of protection against cavities, consider discussing if you need a professional fluoride treatment when you visit your dental office next time. Visit your dental professional for a checkup twice a year: Having a professional cleaning and polishing not only keeps your smile bright, but is also an opportunity to have stubborn plaque and tartar removed. What Is A Root Canal.
Gum Surgery: Types and What to Expect. Superior clean. Connect With Us.
Sign Up. Want Deals? Sign up for our Newsletter. These organisms coat the surface of each tooth and feed on meal remnants. As they break down particles of food, some of these microbes produce and secrete acids as a by-product.
Like skin, teeth can usually repair minor mishaps themselves. When our teeth remain uncleaned for too long, however, acid can eat through the enamel and begin dissolving underlying layers of dense, bony tissue called dentin. When dentin is seriously injured, stem cells located in the tooth's soft, innermost layer—the dental pulp—morph into cells called odontoblasts, which secrete new tissue.
Stem cells are capable of becoming virtually any type of cell. Yet when the injury is too large or deep, that fresh dentin is not sufficient to restore the tooth. The result is often a cavity. Earlier research had demonstrated the Wnt signaling pathway —a particular cascade of molecules involved in cell-to-cell communication—is essential for tissue repair and stem cell development in many parts of the body such as the skin, intestines and brain.
Sharpe wondered: Could this signaling pathway also be important for self-repair processes in teeth?
The antibacterial properties of licorice root may target the bacteria that cause cavities, according to a trial. To minimize the extent of k -vector components in the light cone, one should reduce the amplitude of the side lobes in the spatial Fourier domain. Such work is at least several years away, Sharpe says. Some foods like peanuts and cheeses may actually help prevent tooth decay. It can happen when foods containing carbohydrates sugars and starches are left on the teeth.
If so, maybe exposing damaged teeth to drugs that stimulate Wnt signaling would similarly encourage the activity of stem cells in the dental pulp—giving teeth the kind of regenerative superpowers usually seen only in plants, salamanders and starfish. To test this idea, Sharpe and his fellow researchers drilled holes into the molars of mice, mimicking cavities. They then soaked tiny collagen sponges which are made from the same protein found in dentin in various drugs known to stimulate Wnt signaling, including tideglusib, a compound that has been investigated in clinical trials for its potential to treat Alzheimer's and other neurological disorders.
The scientists then placed these drug-soaked sponges in the drilled mouse molars, sealed them up and left them for four to six weeks.
The teeth treated with these drugs produced significantly more dentin than ones untreated or stuffed with an unsoaked sponge or typical dental fillers. This could eventually be the first routine pharmaceutical treatment in dentistry. Adam Celiz, an assistant professor of bioengineering at Imperial College London who was also not involved in the recent research, says this is an important advance in the emerging field of regenerative dentistry. Any treatment that recruits the body's native stem cells or adds new stems cells to the body, however, poses a risk of uncontrolled tissue growth.
Experimental and unregulated stem cell therapies have resulted in brain tumors, for example, as well as bones growing in eyelids. But in this case, Sharpe says, the amounts of drug used are so tiny that the risk of unwanted growth is minimal. Celiz agrees the danger is small but he says rigorous testing in lab animals and clinical trials should be done to rule out potential side effects.
Since publishing their initial study Sharpe and his colleagues have tested their regenerative technique on rats.